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Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Trillium recurvatum (Prairie trillium)
Cressler, Alan

Trillium recurvatum

Trillium recurvatum Beck

Prairie Trillium, Prairie Wake-robin, Bloody Butcher

Liliaceae (Lily Family)


USDA Symbol: TRRE5

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Trillium recurvatum has erect, clawed, maroon petals, drooping sepals, and mottled leaves.


From the Image Gallery

5 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Shape: Elliptic , Lanceolate , Ovate
Leaf Apex: Acuminate
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Scape up to about 20 inches tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow , Green , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May


USA: AL , AR , IA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MI , MO , MS , NC , OH , OK , PA , TN , TX , WI

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Trillium recurvatum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Trillium recurvatum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Trillium recurvatum


Record Modified: 2023-04-12
Research By: SET

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