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Trillium georgianum (Georgia dwarf trillium)
Smith, R.W.

Trillium georgianum

Trillium georgianum S.B. Farmer

Georgia Dwarf Trillium

Liliaceae (Lily Family)

Synonym(s):

USDA Symbol: TRGE6

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

"Perennial from long, thin rhizomes, 98116(137) mm tall. Stems single, with either a single leaf or with a single whorl of 3 bracts, 6-angled near bracts. Bracts (Leaves) 3548.5 (56) mm 710(11) mm, 3.95.9(6) times longer than wide, numerous stomata evenly distributed in upper surface, blade dark green with maroon undertones especially when young, not mottled, 3 primary veins, linear to linear-lanceolate. Pedicel 1324(29) mm. Flower above leaves, ascending to erect; sepals 1517(19) mm 57 mm, 2.43(3.8) times longer than wide, conspicuous, spreading to same plane as petals, dark green with maroon undertones when young; petals 1519 mm 59 mm, 1.72.7(3.2) times longer than wide, of short duration, spreading-ascending, exposing stamens and ovary, weakly recurved in distal half, white, aging to deep rosy pink, veins not engraved but major petal veins clearly visible, thin-textured, widest above base, margins strongly undulate, quite variable in petal width and degree of undulation between individuals and populations; stamens 78(8.2) mm, erect-spreading; filaments 33.5(4) mm, shorter than anthers, greenishwhite, slender; anthers 44.5(5.2) mm, straight, yellow, thicker than filaments, dehiscence introrse; connectives not extended beyond anther sacs, pinkish-purple; ovary 2.73.5 mm tall, conspicuous, green, ovoid, obscurely 6-angled; style 1.53(3.7) mm, green; stigmas 3, 1.52.2 mm, confluent with style, green, long-spreading, uniformly thin and threadlike. Fruits white or pale greenish, ovate. Flowering: late March to early April." (Reslit: 3178).

Endemic to Georgia.

 

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Arrangement: Whorled
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Margin: Entire
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Fruit Type: Berry
Leaf: "Bracts (Leaves) 35-48.5 (-56) mm x 7-10(-11) mm, 3.9-5.9(-6) times longer than wide, numerous stomata evenly distributed in upper surface, blade dark green with maroon undertones especially when young, not mottled, 3 primary veins, linear to linear-lanceolate." (Reslit: 3178).
Flower: "Flower above leaves, ascending to erect; sepals 15-17(-19) mm x 5-7 mm, 2.4-3(-3.8) times longer than wide, conspicuous, spreading to same plane as petals, dark green with maroon undertones when young; petals 15-19 mm x 5-9 mm, 1.7-2.7(-3.2) times longer than wide, of short duration, spreading-ascending, exposing stamens and ovary, weakly recurved in distal half, white, aging to deep rosy pink, veins not engraved but major petal veins clearly visible, thin-textured, widest above base, margins strongly undulate, quite variable in petal width and degree of undulation between individuals and populations; stamens 7-8(-8.2) mm, erect-spreading; filaments 3-3.5(-4) mm, shorter than anthers, greenish-white, slender; anthers 4-4.5(-5.2) mm, more or less straight, yellow, thicker than filaments, dehiscence introrse; connectives not extended beyond anther sacs, pinkish-purple; ovary 2.7-3.5 mm tall, conspicuous, green, ovoid, obscurely 6-angled; style 1.5-3(-3.7) mm, green; stigmas 3, 1.5-2.2 mm, confluent with style, green, long-spreading, uniformly thin and threadlike." (Reslit: 3178).
Fruit: "Fruits white or pale greenish, ovate." (Reslit: 3178).

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
Bloom Notes: Flowers "white, aging to deep rosy pink". (Reslit: 3178).

Distribution

USA: GA
Native Distribution: Endemic to Georgia. "It is currently known from only a single extended site along the drainage of Swamp Creek, a tributary of the Conasauga River." (Reslit: 3178).
Native Habitat: Calcareous flatwoods under dense hardwood canopy. (Reslit: 3178).

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Shade
Soil pH: Alkaline (pH>7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Calcareous.

Web Reference

Webref 28 - NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life (2018) NatureServe
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Research Literature

Reslit 3178 - A New Species in Trillium subgen. Delostylium (Melanthiaceae, Parideae) (2017) Schilling, E.E., A. Floden, J. Lampley, T. S. Patr...

This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature

Additional resources

USDA: Find Trillium georgianum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Trillium georgianum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Trillium georgianum

Metadata

Record Modified: 2023-04-12
Research By: Joseph A. Marcus

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