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Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Toxicodendron radicans ssp. radicans (Eastern poison ivy)
Cressler, Alan

Toxicodendron radicans ssp. radicans

Toxicodendron radicans (L.) Kuntze ssp. radicans

Eastern Poison Ivy

Anacardiaceae (Sumac Family)

Synonym(s): Rhus radicans, Rhus radicans var. littoralis, Rhus radicans var. malacotrichocarpa, Toxicodendron vulgare


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)


From the Image Gallery

7 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf Complexity: Trifoliate
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Stems climbing, up to about 30 feet long, often much shorter.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul
Bloom Notes: Greenish white.


USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WV
Canada: NB , NS , ON , PE , QC

National Wetland Indicator Status

Status: OBL OBL
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX

Web Reference

Webref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Toxicodendron radicans ssp. radicans in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Toxicodendron radicans ssp. radicans in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Toxicodendron radicans ssp. radicans


Record Modified: 2022-12-21
Research By: TWC Staff

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