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Tillandsia recurvata (L.) L.
Small Ball Moss, Ball Moss
Bromeliaceae (Bromeliad Family)
Synonym(s): Diaphoranthema recurvata, Renealmia recurvata
USDA Symbol: TIRE
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)
Tillandsia recurvata has narrow leaves forming grayish ball-like clusters on branches of deciduous trees.
It is a member of the bromeliad or pineapple family (family Bromeliaceae). Bromeliads are epiphytic (rarely terrestrial) scurfy herbs, with generally stiff, long leaves and flowers, often in long clusters with conspicuously colored bracts. The family contains about 59 genera and more than 1,300 species, mostly natives of tropical America. Some have been introduced into other warm regions and cultivated for use as ornamentals or for their edible fruit.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 6 inches tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Violet
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AZ , FL , GA , LA , NM , TX
Native Distribution: Florida and southern Georgia, south Texas, and southern Arizona, with a disjunct population in central Louisiana. South through Mexico and Central America to South America as far south as Argentina.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Nueces River Authority - Uvalde, TX
Texas Master Naturalists - Lost Pines Chapter - Bastrop, TX
Jacob's Well Natural Area - Wimberley, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0465 Collected Jun 29, 1987 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
NPSOT 0310 Collected Mar. 7, 1993 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
NPSOT 1009 Collected Jan 10, 1995 in Bexar County by Mike Fox
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-MM-717 Collected 2010-01-27 in Hays County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
From the ArchiveWildflower Newsletter 1988 VOL. 5, NO.5 - Penny Campaign Grows Oklahoma Wildflowers, Wildflower Center Collects Honors, Di...
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Tillandsia recurvata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Tillandsia recurvata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Tillandsia recurvata
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-03-14
Research By: TWC Staff