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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Smilax californica

Smilax californica (A. DC.) A. Gray

California Greenbrier, Greenbriar

Smilacaceae (Catbrier Family)


USDA Symbol: SMCA2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Vine
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Stems up to about 20 feet long, climbing or sprawling.
Fruit: Black.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: May , Jun


Native Habitat: Yellow pine and mixed evergreen forests, often in thickets along rivers, streams and springs, in partial to full sun.

Web Reference

Webref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 36 - Jepson eFlora (2019) The Jepson Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley

Additional resources

USDA: Find Smilax californica in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Smilax californica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Smilax californica


Record Modified: 2020-07-14
Research By: CBR

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