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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Smilax biltmoreana

Smilax biltmoreana (Small) J.B.S. Norton ex Pennell

Biltmore's Carrionflower, Biltmore's Carrion-flower

Smilacaceae (Catbrier Family)

Synonym(s): Nemexia biltmoreana, Smilax ecirrhata var. biltmoreana


USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb , Vine
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Up to about 2 feet tall.
Fruit: Black to bluish black.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: May , Jun


USA: AL , FL , GA , KY , NC , SC , TN
Native Habitat: Rich, open woods in ravines, along streams, at bases of bluffs.

Web Reference

Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Smilax biltmoreana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Smilax biltmoreana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Smilax biltmoreana


Record Modified: 2020-07-14
Research By: CBR

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