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Sisyrinchium mucronatum (Needletip blue-eyed grass)
Reveal, James L.

Sisyrinchium mucronatum

Sisyrinchium mucronatum Michx.

Needletip Blue-eyed Grass

Iridaceae (Iris Family)

Synonym(s): Sisyrinchium intermedium

USDA Symbol: SIMU3

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

A member of the iris family (family Iridaceae) which consists of herbs growing from rhizomes, bulbs, or corms, with narrow basal leaves and showy clusters at the tips of long stalks. There are about 60 genera and 1,500 species, distributed in temperate and tropical regions. Among them, Iris, Freesia, Gladiolus, Bugle Lily, and Montbretia are popular ornamentals. Saffron dye is obtained from Crocus, and "essence of violets," used in perfumes, is extracted from the rhizomes of Iris.


From the Image Gallery

23 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 16 inches tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Yellow , Blue , Purple , Violet
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
Bloom Notes: Occasionally white.


USA: AL , CT , DC , DE , GA , IL , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MS , NC , ND , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: MB , ON , QC , SK
Native Habitat: Prairie/Meadow/Field

Growing Conditions

Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Sand, Loam

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Sisyrinchium mucronatum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Sisyrinchium mucronatum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Sisyrinchium mucronatum


Record Modified: 2023-01-18
Research By: TWC Staff

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