Sisyrinchium chilense Hook.
Swordleaf Blue-eyed Grass, Sword-leaf Blue-eyed Grass
Iridaceae (Iris Family)
Synonym(s): Sisyrinchium ensigerum, Sisyrinchium scabrum
USDA Symbol: SICH2
A member of the iris family (family Iridaceae) which consists of herbs growing from rhizomes, bulbs, or corms, with narrow basal leaves and showy clusters at the tips of long stalks. There are about 60 genera and 1,500 species, distributed in temperate and tropical regions. Among them, Iris, Freesia, Gladiolus, Bugle Lily, and Montbretia are popular ornamentals. Saffron dye is obtained from Crocus, and "essence of violets," used in perfumes, is extracted from the rhizomes of Iris.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 1 foot tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Blue , Violet
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
DistributionUSA: OK , TX
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
BenefitNectar Source: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Seed Collection: Collect seed in May, when seeds are black.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0208 Collected Apr. 14, 1992 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
NPSOT 0741 Collected Apr 2, 1994 in Bexar County by Mike Fox
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Sisyrinchium chilense in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Sisyrinchium chilense in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Sisyrinchium chilense
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-01-11
Research By: TWC Staff