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Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Salix pyrifolia

Salix pyrifolia Andersson

Balsam Willow

Salicaceae (Willow Family)

Synonym(s): Salix balsamifera, Salix balsamifera var. alpestris, Salix balsamifera var. lanceolata, Salix balsamifera var. vegeta, Salix cordata var. balsamifera, Salix pyrifolia var. lanceolata


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

Usually a shrub, sometimes a small tree, with clumps of slender stems branched near the top and a fragrance of balsam.

The common name refers to the aromatic, gland-toothed young leaves, while the Latin species name means "pear leaf." In winter, Balsam Willow is easily recognized by the shiny reddish buds and twigs.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Green , Brown
Bloom Time: May


USA: ME , MI , MN , NH , NY , VT , WI
Canada: AB , BC , MB , NB , NL , NS , ON , PE , QC , SK
Native Distribution: Yukon, south to E. British Columbia and across Canada to Labrador, south to New England and New York, and west to Minnesota; to 2000' (610 m).
Native Habitat: Cold, wet bogs.

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet


Fragrant Foliage: yes

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Salix pyrifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Salix pyrifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Salix pyrifolia


Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff

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