Sagittaria lancifolia L.
Lanceleaf Arrowhead, Duck-potato, Bulltongue Arrowhead
Alismataceae (Water-Plantain Family)
USDA Symbol: SALA
This perennial arises with basal leaves to 3 feet tall from tuber-producing rhizomes. The leaves have long petioles and arrowhead shaped leaf blades to 10 inches long. Submerged leaves are lance-shaped or even bladeless. The ½ to 1 inch wide 3 petaled white flowers appear in late spring and summer.
Members of the Water-Plantain Family grow in water, in swamps, on muddy banks, or occasionally in wet sand. Each plant has long-petioled leaves in a clump with a flowering stem rising among them. The flowers have 3 green sepals, 3 white or pink-tinged petals, 6 or more stamens, and several pistils. Stamens and pistils may be in separate flowers.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Elliptic
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Apex: Acuminate
Leaf Base: Cuneate
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Flower: Sepals 3
Fruit: To 2.5 mm
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AL , DE , FL , GA , LA , MD , MS , NC , OK , SC , TX , VA
Native Habitat: This is the most common arrowhead of eastern North America. It grows at low elevations in shallow water on the fringe of ponds, lakes, streams and wet ditches.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Wet
Conditions Comments: Arrowheads are reliable perennials used for water gardens. In nature, they are emergent aquatic plants that grow on the margins of ponds and slow moving streams. They should be planted no deeper that 12 in a water garden in a full sun location.
BenefitUse Food: Called Duck Potato or Wapato because of its edible egg-shaped rhizomes. Native Americans cleared ponds of competing plants to locate and harvest the tubers in fall. The tubers were stored and cooked as needed, providing an excellent source of carbohydrates.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Deer Resistant: Minimal
Find Seed or Plants
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Suppliers DirectoryAccording to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Sanibel-Captiva Conservation Foundation Native Plant Nursery - Sanibel, FL
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Research LiteratureReslit 2246 - Germination of macrophytes from a Delaware River tidal freshwater wetland (1996) M. A. Leck
Reslit 2768 - The evolution and maintenance of monoecy and dioecy in Sagittaria latifolia (Alismataceae) (2002) M. E. Dorken, J. Friedman, S. C. H. Barrett
Reslit 2769 - Variation in germination and survival among families of Sagittaria latifolia in response to salinity and temperature (1994) V. A. Delesalle, S. Blum
Reslit 2770 - Sagittaria biomass partitioning relative to salinity, hydrologic regime, and substrate type: Implications for plant distribution patterns in Coastal Louisiana, United States (2005) S. B. Martin, G. P. Shaffer
Reslit 2771 - Phenotypic plasticity of vegetative and reproductive traits in monoecious and dioecious populations of Sagittaria latifolia (Alismataceae): a clonal aquatic plant (2004) M. E. Dorken, S. C. H. Barrett
Reslit 2772 - Modification of sex expression in Sagittaria latifolia by the application of gibberellic acid and paclobutrazol (2007) T. Tanimoto
Reslit 2773 - Propagation protocol for broadleaf arrowhead Sagittaria latifolia Willd. (Alismataceae) (2007) L. Hunter-Cario
Reslit 2774 - Pollinator responses to variation in floral display and flower size in dioecious Sagittaria latifolia (Alismataceae) (2008) M. Glaettli, S. C. H. Barrett
Reslit 2775 - Trade-offs between clonal and sexual reproduction in Sagittaria latifolia (Alismataceae) scale up to affect the fitness of entire clones (2012) W. E. Van Drunen, M. E. Dorken
Reslit 2776 - Sex determination and the evolution of dioecy from monoecy in Sagittaria latifolia (Alismataceae) (2004) M. E. Dorken, S. C. H. Barrett
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Sagittaria lancifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Sagittaria lancifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Sagittaria lancifolia
MetadataRecord Modified: 2015-02-11
Research By: JSC