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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Salix humilis var. humilis

Salix humilis Marshall var. humilis

Prairie Willow

Salicaceae (Willow Family)

Synonym(s): Salix conifera, Salix humilis var. angustifolia, Salix humilis var. grandifolia, Salix humilis var. hyporhysa, Salix humilis var. keweenawensis, Salix humilis var. rigidiuscula, Salix muehlenbergiana var. angustifolia, Salix muehlenbergiana var. grandifolia, Salix tristis var. glabrata


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Inflorescence: Catkin
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 10 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Yellow , Green , Purple
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun


USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: MB , NB , NL , NS , ON , PE , QC

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.

Web Reference

Webref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Salix humilis var. humilis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Salix humilis var. humilis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Salix humilis var. humilis


Record Modified: 2023-01-23
Research By: TWC Staff

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