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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Populus balsamifera ssp. balsamifera (Balsam poplar)
Weyand, Phyllis

Populus balsamifera ssp. balsamifera

Populus balsamifera L. ssp. balsamifera

Balsam Poplar

Salicaceae (Willow Family)

Synonym(s): Populus balsamifera var. candicans, Populus balsamifera var. fernaldiana, Populus balsamifera var. lanceolata, Populus balsamifera var. michauxii, Populus balsamifera var. subcordata, Populus candicans, Populus michauxii, Populus tacamahaca, Populus tacamahaca var. candicans, Populus tacamahaca var. lanceolata, Populus tacamahaca var. michauxii


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)


From the Image Gallery

2 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Inflorescence: Catkin
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 130 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Yellow , Green , Brown
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul


USA: AK , CO , CT , DC , DE , IA , ID , IL , IN , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , ND , NH , NY , OH , OR , PA , RI , SD , VA , VT , WI , WV , WY
Canada: AB , BC , MB , NB , NL , NS , NT , ON , PE , QC , SK , YT

Growing Conditions

Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Loam

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Populus balsamifera ssp. balsamifera in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Populus balsamifera ssp. balsamifera in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Populus balsamifera ssp. balsamifera


Record Modified: 2023-01-23
Research By: TWC Staff

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