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Plant Database

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Pinus quadrifolia

Pinus quadrifolia Parl. ex Sudw.

Four-leaf Pinyon, Parry Pinyon

Pinaceae (Pine Family)

Synonym(s): Pinus juarezensis


USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Small resinous tree with spreading rounded crown and low, horizontal branches; often shrubby. A small, pinyon pine with noteable symmetry and neatness. Grows slowly to 20 ft.; rarely any taller. Needles are blue-green and in groups of four.

The edible seeds are not gathered commercially because of the tree's limited distribution. Rodents (especially woodrats), other mammals, and birds consume the small annual crop.


From the Image Gallery

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Size Class: 12-36 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Not Applicable


Native Distribution: Rare & local in mts. of s. CA & n. Mex.
Native Habitat: Dry slopes; 2500-5500 ft.

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available


Description: Propagate by seed.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Fresh seeds require no treatment; stored seeds need 1 month stratification.
Commercially Avail: yes

Find Seed or Plants

View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA

Additional resources

USDA: Find Pinus quadrifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Pinus quadrifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pinus quadrifolia


Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff

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