Phryma leptostachya L.
American Lopseed, Lopseed
Verbenaceae (Verbena Family)
Synonym(s): Phryma leptostachya var. confertifolia
USDA Symbol: PHLE5
Pairs of small, white or pinkish-lavender flowers in slender, elongated, spike-like clusters along top of stem and its diverging branches. This species also occurs in Asia. The downward-hanging fruit, which accounts for the common name, makes the plant easily recognizable. Three of the calyx teeth are hooked at the tip, which may assist in dispersal by attachment to animals.
This species is sometimes placed in its own family, the Phrymaceae.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Fruit Type: Achene
Size Notes: Up to about 3 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV , WY
Canada: MB , NB , ON , QC
Native Distribution: Manitoba east to New Brunswick, south to Florida, west to Texas, and north to North Dakota.
Native Habitat: Moist woods and thickets.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
BenefitWarning: Berries and other plant parts are poisonous if eaten. Sensitivity to a toxin varies with a personís age, weight, physical condition, and individual susceptibility. Children are most vulnerable because of their curiosity and small size. Toxicity can vary i
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Pineywoods Native Plant Center - Nacogdoches, TX
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1082 Collected 2007-08-17 in Harrison County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Web ReferenceWebref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Phryma leptostachya in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Phryma leptostachya in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Phryma leptostachya
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-05-25
Research By: TWC Staff