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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Phyllanthus caroliniensis

Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walter

Carolina Leaf-flower

Euphorbiaceae (Spurge Family)


USDA Symbol: PHCA9

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

This species is state-listed Endangered in Ohio and Pennsylvania.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Elliptic , Obovate
Leaf Apex: Obtuse
Breeding System: Monoecious
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: To about 5 inches in height.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Green
Bloom Notes: Pistillate flowers greenish, often with a tinge of red.


USA: AL , AR , DC , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MO , MS , NC , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Phyllanthus caroliniensis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Phyllanthus caroliniensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Phyllanthus caroliniensis


Record Modified: 2013-10-28
Research By: JAM

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