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Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Phytolacca americana var. americana (American pokeweed)
Pyle, Lynn

Phytolacca americana var. americana

Phytolacca americana L. var. americana

American Pokeweed, Pigeonberry, Pokeberry

Phytolaccaceae (Pokeweed Family)

Synonym(s): Phytolacca decandra


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)


From the Image Gallery

4 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Up to about 20 feet tall, usually much shorter.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
Bloom Notes: Blooms spring to fall in the North, year-round in the South.


USA: AL , AR , AZ , CA , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV


Warning: This is frequently a troublesome weed. Because all parts of the plant are poisonous, its potential ethnobotanical uses are not treated here.
Attracts: Birds
Poisonous: yes

Mr. Smarty Plants says

Plant Identification
September 24, 2008
I have a single stem red vine with purple berries growing on it. It is in a cluster of bushes and gets mostly morning and early afternoon sun. The berries also have small bumps at the stem. I have ...
view the full question and answer

Web Reference

Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Phytolacca americana var. americana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Phytolacca americana var. americana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Phytolacca americana var. americana


Record Modified: 2023-04-26
Research By: TWC Staff

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