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Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Panicum amarum (Bitter panicgrass)
Romfh, Peggy

Panicum amarum

Panicum amarum Elliott

Bitter Panicgrass, Beachgrass, Coastal Panic Grass

Poaceae (Grass Family)


USDA Symbol: PAAM2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


From the Image Gallery

10 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Fruit Type: Caryopsis
Size Notes: Up to about 8 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Orange , Green
Bloom Time: Aug , Sep , Oct


USA: AL , CT , DE , FL , GA , LA , MA , MD , MS , NC , NJ , NM , NY , PA , RI , SC , TX , VA , WV
Native Habitat: sandy coastal shores and dunes

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Loam, Sand


Attracts: Birds

Mr. Smarty Plants says

When to plant grasses on Long Island, NY
December 06, 2009
Dear Mr. Smarty Plants; Are there any grass seeds that I can plant NOW, early December, on Long Island, NY? The planting environment is on and near a sandy bluff on a bayshore, where it can be windy ...
view the full question and answer

Plants to control hillside erosion in Vermont
May 23, 2008
Hi, I am trying to do an eagle project that involves putting vegetation onto a hill to prevent erosion. I live in Vermont. What kinds of plants would hold together a hillside and could be planted in ...
view the full question and answer

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Research Literature

Reslit 506 - Vegetation Colonization of Dredge Spoil on Perdido Key, Florida (1994) D. J. Gibson and P. B. Looney
Reslit 614 - Grazing of Panicum amarum in a Louisiana barrier island dune plant community: Management implications for dune restoration projects (1994) M. W. Hester, B. J. Wilsey and I. A. Mendelssohn
Reslit 831 - Rust Diseases in Ornamental Grasses (2009) Y. Li, M. Windham, R. Trigiano, A. Windham, B...
Reslit 920 - Experimental Dune Building and Vegetative Stabilization in a Sand-Deficient Barrier Island Setting on the Louisiana Coast, USA (1991) I. A. Mendelssohn, M. W. Hester, F. J. Monteferran...
Reslit 1170 - Effects of human disturbance on the dune vegetation of the Georgia Sea Islands (2003) J. C. Rodgers
Reslit 1323 - Recovery and stability in barrier island plant communities (2002) R. A. Snyder and C. L. Boss
Reslit 1520 - Evaluation of enhanced Panicum amarum establishment through fragment plantings and humic acid amendment (2008) J. M. Willis and M. W. Hester
Reslit 1842 - Construction of Texas Coastal Foredunes with Sea Oats (Uniola paniculata) and Bitter Panicum (Panicum amarum) (1977) B. E. Dahl and D. W. Woodard
Reslit 2201 - Effects of Macronutrient and Micronutrient Additions on Photosynthesis, Growth Parameters, and Leaf Nutrient Concentrations of Uniola paniculata and Panicum amarum (1990) M. W. Hester and I. A. Mendelssohn
Reslit 2283 - A Biosystematic Study of the Panicum amarum-P. amarulum Complex (Gramineae) (1975) P. G. Palmer

This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature

From the Archive

Wildflower Newsletter 1991 VOL. 8, NO.6 - Wildflower Seeds and Germination, Special Intern Appeal Enjoys Great Success, Di...
Wildflower Newsletter 1992 VOL. 9, NO.3 - Water and Landscaping with Native Plants, Research Update, Research Director's R...

Additional resources

USDA: Find Panicum amarum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Panicum amarum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Panicum amarum


Record Modified: 2014-11-12
Research By: TWC Staff

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