Orthilia secunda (L.) House
Sidebells Wintergreen, One-sided Wintergreen
Pyrolaceae (Shinleaf Family)
Synonym(s): Orthilia secunda ssp. obtusata, Orthilia secunda var. obtusata, Pyrola secunda, Pyrola secunda ssp. obtusata, Pyrola secunda var. obtusata, Ramischia elatior, Ramischia secunda
USDA Symbol: ORSE
Low patches of shiny, bright green leaves below racemes of 6-20 whitish-green or white flowers all turned to one side.
This species is also found south to Central America and in Eurasia. It is the only species in the genus Orthilia; it was once included in Pyrola, a larger genus of species that inhabit damp woods. Both common names refer to the straight, one-sided flower cluster. Leaves remain green throughout the winter, hence the common name wintergreen.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AK , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DC , DE , IA , ID , IL , IN , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MT , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OR , PA , RI , SD , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WY
Canada: NB , NL , NS , PE
Native Distribution: Alaska south and east to Labrador, and south to southern California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, and Nebraska; also in eastern United States and northern Mexico.
Native Habitat: Moist coniferous woods.
National Wetland Indicator Status
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Orthilia secunda in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Orthilia secunda in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Orthilia secunda
MetadataRecord Modified: 2011-01-27
Research By: TWC Staff