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Monotropa hypopitys L.
Monotropaceae (Indian Pipe Family)
Synonym(s): Hypopitys americana, Hypopitys fimbriata, Hypopitys insignata, Hypopitys lanuginosa, Hypopitys latisquama, Hypopitys monotropa, Monotropa hypopithys ssp. lanuginosa, Monotropa hypopithys var. americana, Monotropa hypopithys var. latisquama, Monotropa hypopithys var. rubra, Monotropa lanuginosa, Monotropa latisquama
USDA Symbol: MOHY3
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
A monotypic genus Monotropa is achlorophyllous and is mycoheterotrophic; that is, it utilizes fungi to obtain carbon from the roots of autotrophic plants. In the case of this species, the fungi are ectomycorrhizal fungi in the family Tricholomataceae.
A saprophytic, red, pink, lavender, or yellow plant with several vase-like, nodding flowers on a downy, scaly stem; stem and flowers colored alike.
Autumn-flowering plants are characterized by their red color, while early-flowering forms are yellow. Like its single-flowered relative, Indian Pipe (M. uniflora), Pinesap does not carry on photosynthesis but obtains its nourishment from fungi associated with roots, often those of oaks and pines. The closely related, similar Sweet Pinesap (Monotropsis odorata) has united petals; it occurs in Maryland, Virginia, and Kentucky south to Florida and Alabama. Sweet Pinesap has two flowering periods: February to April, when the flowers produced are faded rose colored and very fragrant, and September and October, when the flowers are lavender and odorless.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Yellow
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AK , AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: NB , NS , PE
Native Distribution: Alberta east to Newfoundland, south to Florida, west to Texas, and north to Nebraska and Minnesota; widely distributed in West.
Native Habitat: Upland woods, usually in acidic soil.
Growing ConditionsSoil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Monotropa hypopitys in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Monotropa hypopitys in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Monotropa hypopitys
MetadataRecord Modified: 2016-11-09
Research By: TWC Staff