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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Lycopus virginicus (Virginia water horehound)
Bruso, George H.

Lycopus virginicus

Lycopus virginicus L.

Virginia Water Horehound, Virginia Bugleweed, American Water Horehound, Sweet Bugleweed, Water Bugle, Carpenter's Herb, Greeen Archangle, Purple Archangle, Paul's Betony, Wood-betony, Wolf-foot, Egyptian's Herb

Lamiaceae (Mint Family)


USDA Symbol: LYVI4

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)


From the Image Gallery

5 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Arrangement: Opposite
Leaf Margin: Serrate
Inflorescence: Axillary
Size Notes: To about 3 feet in height.
Leaf: Dark green or purple, lanceolate-ovate to ovate.
Flower: Stamens included in the corolla.
Fruit: Nutlet.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: PE , QC

Growing Conditions

Water Use: High
Light Requirement: Part Shade
CaCO3 Tolerance: None


Conspicuous Flowers: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Lycopus virginicus in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Lycopus virginicus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lycopus virginicus


Record Modified: 2017-10-02
Research By: TWC Staff

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