Lysimachia terrestris (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
Earth Loosestrife, Swamp Candles
Primulaceae (Primrose Family)
Synonym(s): Lysimachia terrestris var. ovata
USDA Symbol: LYTE2
Erect stems with opposite leaves and racemes of star-like, yellow flowers with 2 red spots at the base of each petal.
This handsome species was introduced into Cranberry bogs in the Northwest from the East. In a wetland garden this showy species will spread rapidly by underground stems. Loomis Loosestrife (L. loomisii), with candle-like clusters of yellow flowers and whorled, very narrow, 1-inch-long (2.5 cm) leaves, occurs from North Carolina to Georgia. Tufted Loosestrife (L. thyrsiflora), looks very different, with flower clusters borne from the axils of the lower leaves. It is found in swamps and bogs in much of Canada, south to New Jersey, west to West Virginia, Missouri, Colorado, and California. Swamp Candles freely hybridize with Whorled Loosestrife (L. quadrifolia), producing lovely intermediates, and with Tufted Loosestrife, producing plants with both terminal and axillary flower clusters.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , ID , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV
Canada: NB , NL , NS , ON , PE
Native Distribution: Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, and Ontario; south through New England to Georgia; west to Kentucky and Arkansas; north to Iowa, Minnesota, Manitoba, Western Washington.
Native Habitat: Swampy or boggy areas.
Growing ConditionsSoil Moisture: Moist
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
National Wetland Indicator Status
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Lysimachia terrestris in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Lysimachia terrestris in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lysimachia terrestris
MetadataRecord Modified: 2016-10-03
Research By: TWC Staff