Liparis liliifolia (L.) Rich. ex Ker Gawl.
Brown Widelip Orchid, Large Twayblade
Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)
USDA Symbol: LILI3
An angled stalk rising between 2 large, oval, shiny, basal leaves and bearing several brown to maroon to green flowers.
Three features characterize this small woodland orchid: its brownish-purple flowers, filamentous upper petals, and greasy-looking leaves (from which comes its genus name, derived from the Greek liparos, meaning fat or shining). An inconspicuous plant, it may be easily overlooked. Another species of Liparis, Fen Orchid (L. loeselii), has a small green lip petal and occurs from Saskatchewan east to Newfoundland, south to North Carolina, Tennessee, and Alabama, west to Arkansas, and north to Missouri, Nebraska, and the Dakotas.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Native Distribution: Ontario east to Vermont, south to Georgia, west to Oklahoma, and north through Missouri to Minnesota.
Native Habitat: Rich or sandy woods and clearings and on moss along streambanks.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Sandy
BenefitWarning: Animals have been poisoned, sometimes fatally, by eating plants in the Linum genus. Humans should generally avoid ingesting plants that are toxic to animals.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Liparis liliifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Liparis liliifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Liparis liliifolia
MetadataRecord Modified: 2014-08-20
Research By: TWC Staff