Host an Event Volunteer Join Tickets

Support the plant database you love!


Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Enter a Plant Name:
Or you can choose a plant family:
Lilium humboldtii (Humboldt lily)
Hardie-Scott, Linda

Lilium humboldtii

Lilium humboldtii Roezl & Leichtlin ex Duch.

Humboldt Lily

Liliaceae (Lily Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

This stout lily reaches enormous size - up to 10 ft. - with dozens of flowers carried above the bright-green to purplish, whorled leaves. Nodding flowers have the typical tiger lily pattern: reflexed, yellow-orange petals dotted liberally with red to brownish spots.

Varieties ocellatum and bloomerianum occur in moister canyons or flats in southern California.


From the Image Gallery

3 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 10 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Orange , Yellow
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug


Native Distribution: Sierran foothills
Native Habitat: Dry, open or wooded slopes below 4500 ft.

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Heavy soils; dry in summer.
Conditions Comments: Var. ocellatum and var. bloomerianum occur in moister canyons or flats in s. CA.


Description: Increase using bulb scales or offsets or seed. Sow outdoors in summer or fall for germination the following spring. Seedlings take several years to flower.
Commercially Avail: yes

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Lilium humboldtii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Lilium humboldtii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lilium humboldtii


Record Modified: 2023-02-16
Research By: TWC Staff

Go back