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Plant Database

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Juncus roemerianus

Juncus roemerianus Scheele

Black needlerush, Needlegrass rush

Juncaceae (Rush Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

A member of the family Juncaceae which includes herbs, rarely shrubs, with mostly grass-like leaves, usually in a basal tuft, and small greenish or brownish flower in dense spikes or heads or sometimes in loose clusters or even solitary.


From the Image Gallery

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Fruit: Brown
Size Class: 1-3 ft. , 3-6 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
Bloom Notes: Flowering and fruiting mid-Spring to early Fall.


USA: AL , DE , FL , GA , LA , MD , MS , NC , SC , TX , VA
Native Habitat: brackish and salt marshes, above Mean High tide to spring tide level

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Wet
Soil Description: Clay, Loam


Attracts: Birds

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Suppliers Directory

According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:

Sanibel-Captiva Conservation Foundation Native Plant Nursery - Sanibel, FL

Additional resources

USDA: Find Juncus roemerianus in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Juncus roemerianus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Juncus roemerianus


Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff

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