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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Ilex opaca var. opaca

Ilex opaca Aiton var. opaca

American Holly, Christmas Holly, Evergreen Holly, Prickly Holly, White Holly, Yule Holly

Aquifoliaceae (Holly family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Tree
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Up to about 50 feet tall, often much shorter.
Fruit: Red. Although technically drupes, the fruit is commonly referred to as berries.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May


USA: AK , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MO , MS , NC , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV
Native Habitat: Varies - sandy coastal sites, well-drained pinelands, dry acidic hillsides, rich bottomlands.

Web Reference

Webref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 82 - Native Trees of Texas (2020) Texas A&M AgriLife
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Ilex opaca var. opaca in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Ilex opaca var. opaca in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Ilex opaca var. opaca


Record Modified: 2020-12-14
Research By: CBR

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