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Ilex montana (Mountain holly)
Muller, Thomas L.

Ilex montana

Ilex montana Torr. & A. Gray ex A. Gray

Mountain Holly, Mountain Winterberry

Aquifoliaceae (Holly Family)

Synonym(s): Ilex ambigua var. montana, Ilex ambigua var. monticola, Ilex amelanchier var. monticola, Ilex monticola


USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


From the Image Gallery

2 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Elliptic , Ovate
Leaf Margin: Dentate
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Dioecious
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Up to about 35 feet tall.
Fruit: Red, yellow, orange-red. Although technically drupes, the fruit is commonly referred to as berries.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
Bloom Notes: Greenish-white male flowers on different trees than the female flowers.


USA: AL , CT , GA , KY , MA , MD , NC , NJ , NY , PA , SC , TN , VA , WV

National Wetland Indicator Status

Status: FACU
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE

Additional resources

USDA: Find Ilex montana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Ilex montana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Ilex montana


Record Modified: 2011-08-17
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