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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Hierochloe hirta ssp. arctica

Hierochloe hirta (Schrank) Borbás ssp. arctica (J. Presl) G. Weim.

Northern Sweet Grass, Northern Sweetgrass

Poaceae (Grass family)

Synonym(s): Anthoxanthum hirtum ssp. arcticum, Hierochloe odorata ssp. arctica


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Fruit Type: Caryopsis
Size Notes: Up to about 4 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Green , Purple , Brown
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: AK , AZ , CA , CO , DE , IA , ID , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , MI , MN , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OR , PA , SD , UT , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Native Habitat: Moist soil, meadows and margins of bogs.

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Hierochloe hirta ssp. arctica in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Hierochloe hirta ssp. arctica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Hierochloe hirta ssp. arctica


Record Modified: 0000-00-00
Research By: CBR

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