Hexalectris warnockii Ames & Correll
Texas Crested Coralroot, Texas Purple Spike, Texas Crested Coral Root
Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)
USDA Symbol: HEWA
The orchids of genus Hexalectris are achlorophyllous and are mycoheterotrophic; that is, they utilize Sebacinoid ectomycorrhizal fungi to obtain nutrients from the roots of autotrophic plants.
Slender, nearly leafless, reddish-brown stems with up to 10 mostly reddish-brown, bilaterally symmetrical flowers in a loose raceme.
This is the most common Hexalectris species in Big Bend National Park. There are four other species in the Southwest, all also found in the park; all have yellowish or reddish stems. Crested Coralroot (H. spicata), found from southeastern Arizona to the eastern United States, has yellowish-brown sepals, petals with darker veins, and a yellowish or white lip petal with purple veins.
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Bloom InformationBloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AZ , TX
Native Distribution: Southeastern Arizona, central Texas, and Big Bend region of western Texas.
Native Habitat: Open, brushy woods.
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Endangered/threatened status for Hexalectris spicata in Texas
November 17, 2007
I was wondering about the status of Crested Coralroot Orchid (Hexalectris spicata) in Texas. Over the years I have located several clumps of them growing on a ranch in southern Bell county. The mos...
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Hexalectris warnockii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Hexalectris warnockii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Hexalectris warnockii
MetadataRecord Modified: 2019-08-11
Research By: TWC Staff