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Hexastylis naniflora (Dwarfflower hearleaf)
Cressler, Alan

Hexastylis naniflora

Hexastylis naniflora Blomquist

Dwarfflower Hearleaf

Aristolochiaceae (Birthwort Family)


USDA Symbol: HENA3

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Dwarfflower Heartleaf is a clump-forming perennial woodland herb growing from rhizomes and producing one long-lived leaf each year.

This is a federally-listed and North Carolina-listed Threatened species.


From the Image Gallery

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Cordate
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Margin: Entire
Leaf Base: Cordate
Leaf Texture: Leathery
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Inflorescence: Terminal
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Leaves variegated medium green with light green pattern.
Flower: Flowers are borne from the end of rhizomes.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Violet , Brown
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
Bloom Notes: Flowers are jug-shaped and held close to the ground or buried in leaf litter..


Native Distribution: A few counties along the border of North Carolina and South Carolina.
Native Habitat: On slopes, ravines and bluff in sandy loam along streams, often beneath Kalmia latifolia in otherwise deciduous hardwood forest.

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Threatened & Endangered Status

USFWS Species Profile: Q1XA
Status: Threatened
Historic Range: U.S.A. (NC, SC)
Critical Habitat: N/A
Special Rules: N/A
This information is derived from the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Serrvice Environmental Conservation Online System.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Hexastylis naniflora in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Hexastylis naniflora in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Hexastylis naniflora


Record Modified: 2016-07-08
Research By: Joseph A. Marcus

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