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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Euphorbia polyphylla

Euphorbia polyphylla Engelm. ex Holz.

Lesser Florida Spurge

Euphorbiaceae (Spurge family)

Synonym(s): Tithymalopsis polyphylla

USDA Symbol: EUPO5

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 1 foot tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Red
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov


Native Habitat: Open sand and pine savannas.

National Wetland Indicator Status

Status: FACU
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Euphorbia polyphylla in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Euphorbia polyphylla in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Euphorbia polyphylla


Record Modified: 2020-03-09
Research By: CBR

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