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Eschscholzia californica ssp. californica
Eschscholzia californica Cham. ssp. californica
Papaveraceae (Poppy Family)
Synonym(s): Eschscholzia californica var. crocea, Eschscholzia californica var. douglasii, Eschscholzia californica var. maritima, Eschscholzia californica var. peninsularis, Eschscholzia procera
USDA Symbol: ESCAC
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), HI (I), CAN (I)
A smooth, bluish-green plant with several stems, fern-like leaves, and usually orange flowers borne singly on a long stalk.
On sunny days in spring, California Poppies, the state flower, often turn hillsides orange. Responsive to sunlight, the flowers close at night and on cloudy days. The spicy fragrance attracts mainly beetles, which serve as pollinators. Flowers produced early in the season tend to be larger than those later on. There are other species in California, but none has the conspicuous pink rim at the base of the ovary.
The genus is named after Dr. J.F. Eschscholtz who lived from 1793 to 1831. He performed duties as a surgeon and naturalist with Russian expeditions to the Pacific coast from 1815 to 1818.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Orange
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
DistributionUSA: AL , AZ , CA , CO , CT , GA , HI , ID , IL , KY , LA , MA , MI , MO , NC , NE , NH , NV , NY , OH , OR , PA , SC , TN , UT , WA , WI , WY
Native Distribution: S. CA to S. WA and NV; often cultivated.
Native Habitat: Open areas, common on grassy slopes.
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Bumble Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Eschscholzia californica ssp. californica in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Eschscholzia californica ssp. californica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Eschscholzia californica ssp. californica
MetadataRecord Modified: 2019-08-19
Research By: TWC Staff