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Eriogonum ovalifolium var. vineum

Eriogonum ovalifolium Nutt. var. vineum (Small) Jeps.

Cushenbury Buckwheat

Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family)

Synonym(s): Eriogonum ovalifolium ssp. vineum


USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

A matted perennial plant arising from a woody caudex. Leaves whorled, rounded or elliptic, silvery-tomentose. Inflorescences rounded containing many flowers borne on ascending or erect peduncles rising >1 foot above the foliage. Flowers creamy white with greenish markings to pink or wine-colored. The red-colored flowers may be an indicator of the presence of soil base metals.

There is much variation, as is to be expected in a widespread species such as this, occurring over a broad elevational range. Alpine plants are generally dwarf; plants growing in sagebrush are usually taller. Flowers vary from cream to yellow when young; as they age, they may become reddish or purple.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Achene
Size Notes: Up to about 1 foot tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug
Bloom Notes: Flowers creamy white with greenish markings to pink or wine-colored.


Native Distribution: California, endemic.
Native Habitat: Limestone talus slopes, creosote bush, saltbush communities, conifer woodlands, of conservation concern, 5000'-7000'.

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees
Supports Conservation Biological Control

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Threatened & Endangered Status

USFWS Species Profile: Q1W8
Status: Endangered
Historic Range: U.S.A. (CA)
Critical Habitat: 17.96(a)
Special Rules: N/A
This information is derived from the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Serrvice Environmental Conservation Online System.

Web Reference

Webref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 36 - Jepson eFlora (2019) The Jepson Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley

Additional resources

USDA: Find Eriogonum ovalifolium var. vineum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Eriogonum ovalifolium var. vineum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Eriogonum ovalifolium var. vineum


Record Modified: 2023-02-09
Research By: Joseph A. Marcus

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