Epifagus virginiana (L.) W.P.C. Barton
Orobanchaceae (Broom-Rape Family)
Synonym(s): Leptamnium virginianum
USDA Symbol: EPVI2
A parasitic plant with unbranched to many-branched, brownish-tan stems and buff-brown or dull magenta flowers in axils of scattered dry scales.
As the genus name, from the Greek epi ("upon") and phagos ("beech") implies, this annual plant is found under beech trees (Fagus grandifolia), where it grows on and receives nourishment from the roots. The flowers are delicately marked and worth a close-up look with a hand lens. Dried stalks often persist all winter under the trees.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , NS , ON , PE
Native Distribution: Ontario east to Nova Scotia, south to Florida, west to Texas, and north to Missouri, Illinois, and Wisconsin.
Native Habitat: Woods, under beech trees.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Epifagus virginiana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Epifagus virginiana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Epifagus virginiana
MetadataRecord Modified: 2015-08-12
Research By: TWC Staff