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Plant Database

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Epifagus virginiana (Beechdrops)
Cressler, Alan

Epifagus virginiana

Epifagus virginiana (L.) W.P.C. Barton


Orobanchaceae (Broom-Rape Family)

Synonym(s): Leptamnium virginianum

USDA Symbol: EPVI2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

A parasitic plant with unbranched to many-branched, brownish-tan stems and buff-brown or dull magenta flowers in axils of scattered dry scales.

As the genus name, from the Greek epi ("upon") and phagos ("beech") implies, this annual plant is found under beech trees (Fagus grandifolia), where it grows on and receives nourishment from the roots. The flowers are delicately marked and worth a close-up look with a hand lens. Dried stalks often persist all winter under the trees.


From the Image Gallery

26 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Fruit: Brown

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Aug , Sep , Oct


USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , NS , ON , PE
Native Distribution: Ontario east to Nova Scotia, south to Florida, west to Texas, and north to Missouri, Illinois, and Wisconsin.
Native Habitat: Woods, under beech trees.


Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Additional resources

USDA: Find Epifagus virginiana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Epifagus virginiana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Epifagus virginiana


Record Modified: 2015-08-12
Research By: TWC Staff

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