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Diphylleia cymosa (American umbrellaleaf)
Makin, Julie

Diphylleia cymosa

Diphylleia cymosa Michx.

American Umbrellaleaf, Umbrella-leaf

Berberidaceae (Barberry Family)


USDA Symbol: DICY2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


From the Image Gallery

26 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Up to about 4 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May


USA: AL , GA , NC , SC , TN , VA
Native Distribution: Endemic to the Blue Ridge Mountains of the southern Appalachians (FNA).
Native Habitat: Forming dense colonies on moist slopes in mixed deciduous forests, in seepages, or along streams; 800-1700 m (FNA).


Use Ornamental: Occasionally grown in woodland gardens.
Use Medicinal: Cherokee Indians are reported to have used D . cymosa to treat a variety of ailments and as a disinfectant (D. E. Moerman 1986).
Interesting Foliage: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

Status: FACU
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Longwood Gardens - Kennett Square, PA
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Diphylleia cymosa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Diphylleia cymosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Diphylleia cymosa


Record Modified: 2023-03-09
Research By: TWC Staff

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