Crataegus punctata Jacq.
Dotted Hawthorn, White Thorn, Dotted Haw
Rosaceae (Rose Family)
Synonym(s): Crataegus collina, Crataegus collina var. secta, Crataegus collina var. sordida, Crataegus collina var. succincta, Crataegus fastosa, Crataegus punctata var. aurea, Crataegus punctata var. canescens, Crataegus punctata var. microphylla, Crataegus verruculosa
USDA Symbol: CRPU
Dotted hawthorn is a flat-topped, thorny, horizontal-branching, deciduous tree growing 40 ft. high. It is usually wider than tall at maturity. Trunk bark is round and dark-gray; twigs are silvery. Profuse clusters of white, rose-like flowers are followed by a dull red apple, 3/4 in. in diameter.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Autumn Foliage: yes
Size Class: 36-72 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Red , Pink , Yellow
Bloom Time: May , Jun
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , MA , MD , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , ON , QC
Native Distribution: S. New England to Ont. & MN, s. to GA mts., KY & e. IA
Native Habitat: Open, hardwood & conifer-hardwood forests
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Variable.
Conditions Comments: Quite susceptible to rust. Var. inermis is an essentially thornless type selected from a tree at the Secrest Arboretum in Wooster, OH.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Only a few birds like the fruit of Crataegus and, consequently, they remain effective for a long time.
Warning: Plant has thorns or prickles.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Propagate using treated seed.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Warm stratify at 70-77 degrees for 120 days followed by 135 days at 41 degrees.
Commercially Avail: yes
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Crataegus punctata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Crataegus punctata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Crataegus punctata
MetadataRecord Modified: 2012-10-20
Research By: TWC Staff