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Crataegus macrosperma (Bigfruit hawthorn)
Smith, R.W.

Crataegus macrosperma

Crataegus macrosperma Ashe

Bigfruit Hawthorn, Large-seeded Hawthorn

Rosaceae (Rose Family)

Synonym(s): Crataegus chadsfordiana, Crataegus fluviatilis, Crataegus fretalis, Crataegus macrosperma var. acutiloba, Crataegus macrosperma var. eganii, Crataegus macrosperma var. matura, Crataegus macrosperma var. pastora, Crataegus macrosperma var. pentandra, Crataegus macrosperma var. roanensis, Crataegus randiana, Crataegus roanensis, Crataegus roanensis var. fluviatilis, Crataegus roanensis var. heidelbergensis

USDA Symbol: CRMA3

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)


From the Image Gallery

5 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Elliptic , Ovate
Leaf Margin: Undulate
Leaf Base: Cuneate
Fruit Type: Pome
Size Notes: Up to about 25 feet tall.
Fruit: Red

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun


USA: AR , CT , DE , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: ON , QC

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Drought Tolerance: High


Fragrant Flowers: yes

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 26 - Minnesota Wildflowers: a field guide to the flora of Minnesota (2009)
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Crataegus macrosperma in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Crataegus macrosperma in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Crataegus macrosperma


Record Modified: 2023-05-09
Research By: TWC Staff

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