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Crataegus chrysocarpa var. piperi

Crataegus chrysocarpa Ashe var. piperi (Britton) Kruschke

Piper's Hawthorn, Columbia Hawthorn

Rosaceae (Rose Family)

Synonym(s): Crataegus columbiana, Crataegus columbiana var. piperi, Crataegus piperi


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

Many-branched shrub or small tree with rounded crown. Reaches 16 feet (5 m) in height with a diameter of 4" (10 cm). Leaves are 1-3 1/2" (2.5-9 cm) long, 3/4-2 1/2" (2-6 cm) wide. Ovate to nearly round, short-pointed at tip, finely saw-toothed, with gland-tipped tepals.

This western relative of Fireberry Hawthorn (C. chrysocarpa) was named after the Columbia River, where it was discovered. One of the northernmost hawthorns, it can be planted for erosion control in dry areas where it is native.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Shape: Ovate
Leaf Margin: Lobed , Serrate
Fruit Type: Pome
Size Notes: Up to about 16 feet tall, often shorter.
Flower: Stamens 10.
Fruit: Red, orange.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun


USA: ID , MT , OR , WA
Canada: BC
Native Habitat: Along streams and on moist hillsides in open areas.

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.

Web Reference

Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Crataegus chrysocarpa var. piperi in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Crataegus chrysocarpa var. piperi in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Crataegus chrysocarpa var. piperi


Record Modified: 2023-05-09
Research By: TWC Staff

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