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Cornus foemina Mill.
Stiff Dogwood, Swamp Dogwood
Cornaceae (Dogwood Family)
Synonym(s): Cornus stricta, Swida foemina, Swida stricta
USDA Symbol: COFO
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
A highly variable shrub or small tree to 25 ft. tall. Twigs are reddish, becoming gray with age. Small, white flowers make up the convex to flat-topped flower clusters. Fruits are bright blue.
The genus cornus is Latin for a horn.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Up to about 25 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MD , MO , MS , NC , NJ , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA
Native Distribution: DE to IL, s. to FL & TX
Native Habitat: Swamps & uplands
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Wet or moist soils, adapting to drier sites.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Larval Host: Summer Azure Butterfly, Celastrina neglecta has been observed ovipositing on this species in Delaware.
PropagationDescription: Propagation by seed is possible.
Seed Collection: Seeds can be stored or sown without extracting them from the fruit.
Seed Treatment: Fruit may be sown immediately or stratified for spring planting.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
Wellspring Organic Farm and Education Center - West Bend, WI
Web ReferenceWebref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Research LiteratureReslit 1024 - The increasing scarcity of red oaks in Mississippi River floodplain forests: Influence of the residual overstory (2005) C. D. Oliver, E. C. Burkhardt and D. A. Skojac
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Cornus foemina in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Cornus foemina in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Cornus foemina
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-10-03
Research By: TWC Staff