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Clematis fremontii (Fremont's leather-flower)
Cressler, Alan

Clematis fremontii

Clematis fremontii S. Watson

Fremont's Leather-flower, Fremont's Clematis, Fremont's Crowsfoot, Freemont's Rattleweed

Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family)

Synonym(s): Clematis fremontii var. riehlii, Coriflora fremontii, Viorna fremontii


USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

A rare, but not federally-protected species. Listed as an S1 species in Nebraska, Tennessee and Georgia, an S3 species in Missouri and an S5 species in Kansas.


From the Image Gallery

9 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb , Subshrub
Leaf Texture: Leathery
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Inflorescence: Terminal
Fruit Type: Achene
Size Notes: 6-30 inches in height.
Fruit: Fruit matures May to July.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May
Bloom Notes: Sepals (no petals) of mature urceolate flowers are white inside and purple outside.


USA: GA , KS , MO , NE , TN
Native Distribution: Central-Midwestern US in north central Kansas and adjacent south central Nebraska and a disjunct area in east central Missouri. Two, small disjunct populations occur in the Southeastern US, one near Chattanooga, Tennessee and one near Rome, Georgia.
Native Habitat: Midwestern US populations are found on dolomitic glades and limestone prairies. In Georgia, the species occurs in Pinus echinata-Quercus marilandica-Quercus stellata woodlands.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Alkaline (pH>7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Drought Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Limestone or dolomitic soils.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Clematis fremontii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Clematis fremontii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Clematis fremontii


Record Modified: 2014-11-10
Research By: Joseph A. Marcus

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