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Chrysogonum virginianum var. brevistolon (Carolina green and gold)
Cressler, Alan

Chrysogonum virginianum var. brevistolon

Chrysogonum virginianum L. var. brevistolon G.L. Nesom

Carolina Green And Gold

Asteraceae (Aster Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Plant: herbaceous perennial, colonial, mat-forming. Roots: fibrous-rooted rhizomes. Stolons: longest internodes 2-6cm, often becoming lignescent and partially to fully buried and rhizome-like. Stems: mostly 2-25cm tall, the earliest leafless, becoming leafy. Leaves: blades deltate-ovate, basally abruptly cuneate to truncate or subcordate, strigose-hirsutulous with hairs 0.5-0.3 mm long. Capitula: peduncles 2-22 cm long; outer phyllaries 6-10 mm long, 3-4 mm wide. Flowering: March-May-(early June). (Webref 18).

This taxon is somewhat intermediate in characteristics between Chrysogonum virginianum var. virginianum and Chrysogonum virginianum var. australe. Similarly, it inhabits a geographic area situated between the native populations of those two taxa. (Webref 18). State-listed Endangered species in KY and PA. State-listed Threatened species in OH and TN.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Pubescence: Strigose
Leaf Base: Cuneate , Truncate
Inflorescence: Head
Flower: Golden-yellow capitulum.
Fruit: Cypsela.
Size Class: 0-1 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun


USA: AL , GA , KY , NC , SC , TN
Native Distribution: Southeastern US.
Native Habitat: Moist to dry woodlands, usually in partially sunny sites. (Webref 18).

Web Reference

Webref 18 - Taxonomic Review of Chrysogonum (Asteraceae: Helianthae) (1999) Botanical Research Institute of Texas

Additional resources

USDA: Find Chrysogonum virginianum var. brevistolon in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Chrysogonum virginianum var. brevistolon in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Chrysogonum virginianum var. brevistolon


Record Modified: 2015-04-28
Research By: JAM

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