Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.
Chamerion latifolium (L.) Holub
Dwarf Fireweed, Broad-leaf Fireweed
Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)
Synonym(s): Chamaenerion latifolium, Chamerion subdentatum, Epilobium latifolium
USDA Symbol: CHLA13
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), GL (N)
A low, bushy plant with clustered stems 4-24 in. tall. They bear pairs of somewhat waxy, bluish-green, lance-shaped leaves which increase in length up the stem. The leaves subtend a terminal raceme of large, four-petaled, rose-purple flowers.
Broadleaf Fireweed is a member of the evening-primrose family (family Onagraceae), which includes mainly herbs, rarely shrubs or trees with often showy flowers borne singly, in racemes or spikes, or in branched clusters. The family of about 17 genera and 675 species is found worldwide, but is especially abundant in temperate regions of the New World.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
DistributionUSA: AK , CA , CO , ID , MT , NV , OR , SD , UT , WA , WY
Native Distribution: AK, s. in mts. to e. CA, ID, UT & CO
Native Habitat: River bars; stream banks; drier, mt., talus slopes
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist (usually) to drier, well-drained soils.
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Honey Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Easily grown from seed.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 36 - Jepson eFlora (2019) The Jepson Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Chamerion latifolium in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Chamerion latifolium in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Chamerion latifolium
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-12-07
Research By: TWC Staff