Carphephorus odoratissimus (J.F. Gmel.) Herb.
Vanillaleaf, Vanilla Plant
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
Synonym(s): Trilisa odoratissima
USDA Symbol: CAOD3
The Vanilla Plant is a member of the aster family (family Asteraceae) which includes herbs, sometimes shrubs or vines, rarely trees, with simple or compound, alternate or opposite leaves. Flowers small, but organized into larger heads resembling a single, radially symmetrical flower cupped by a ring of green bracts. Flower-like heads: tiny, radially symmetrical central flowers form the disc; larger flowers around the edge, the rays, strap-shaped and resembling petals; however, all flowers in one had may be disc flowers or rays. Flowers: calyx absent, or modified into hairs, bristles, scales, or a crown, which often persist atop the fruits; corolla has 5 united petals, 5 stamens; all these parts attached to top of the ovary. Leaves: simple or compound, opposite, alternate or whorled. Fruit: 1-seeded, with hard shell.In this large, worldwide family there are about 920 genera and 19,000 species. Cosmos, Sunflower, Zinnia, Dahlia, and many others are grown as ornamentals; Lettuce, Sunflowers, and Artichokes provide food. Safflower oil is obtained from this family. Ragweed pollen causes hay fever.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov
DistributionUSA: AL , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , SC
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
Research LiteratureReslit 726 - Volatile constituents of Carphephorus odoratissimus (JF Gmel) Hebert (1972) K. Karlsson, I. Wahlberg and C. R. Enzell
Reslit 1546 - Seven new combinations in the Florida flora (2001) R. P. Wunderlin and B. F. Hansen
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Carphephorus odoratissimus in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Carphephorus odoratissimus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Carphephorus odoratissimus
MetadataRecord Modified: 2015-08-12
Research By: TWC Staff