Castilleja miniata Douglas ex Hook.
Giant Red Indian Paintbrush, Meadow Paintbrush
Scrophulariaceae (Figwort Family)
USDA Symbol: CAMI12
An erect perennial, from 1 1/2-3 ft. tall, with stems either unbranched or somewhat branched above. The flower cluster of this leafy plant resembles a ragged, crimson or scarlet paintbrush, calyx and bracts beneath each flower brightly colored. Leaves are lance-shaped and the torch-like flower spike is made up of vibrant orange, red or pink bracts and sepals hiding the small, green flowers.
Most "Indian paintbrushes" are partial parasites on other plants, their roots establishing connections with roots of other species. For this reason, they usually cannot be transplanted, and are difficult to grow from seed.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 3 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Red , Pink , Orange , Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AK , AZ , CA , CO , ID , MT , ND , NM , NV , OR , UT , WA , WY
Canada: AB , BC , MB , ON , SK , YT
Native Distribution: AK to AZ, e. to the Rockies
Native Habitat: Wet mountain meadows and stream banks below 11,000 ft.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Wet
Soil Description: Wet to moist, well-drained soils.
Conditions Comments: Roots grow until they touch the roots of other plants, frequently grasses, then penetrate the roots of these host plants, obtaining a portion of their nutrients. Transplanting paintbrush usually kills it.
PropagationDescription: Sow seeds in fall with seeds of an herbaceous perennial. Bouteloua gracilis has been recommended as a host.
Seed Treatment: Sow seeds in fall with seeds of an herbaceous perennial. Bouteloua gracilis has been recommended as a host.
Commercially Avail: yes
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June 09, 2006
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National Wetland Indicator Status
Web ReferenceWebref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
From the ArchiveWildflower Newsletter 1989 VOL. 6, NO.3 - Butterfly Gardens, Director\'s Report, Proper Care Gives Staying Power to Cut Fl...
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Castilleja miniata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Castilleja miniata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Castilleja miniata
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-10-28
Research By: TWC Staff