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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana

Carpinus caroliniana Walter ssp. virginiana (Marshall) Furlow

American Hornbeam

Betulaceae (Birch family)

Synonym(s): Carpinus betulus var. virginiana, Carpinus caroliniana var. virginiana


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Tree
Size Notes: Up to about 40 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Green , Brown
Bloom Time: May , Jun


USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: ON , QC
Native Habitat: In understory layer in rich deciduous forests along stream banks, on flood plains and moist hillsides.

Web Reference

Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana


Record Modified: 2020-09-25
Research By: CBR

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