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Bucida buceras

Bucida buceras L.

Gregorywood, Florida , Oxhorn Bucida

Combretaceae (Indian Almond Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)

Black olive is a 40 to 50-foot-tall evergreen tree with a smooth trunk holding up strong, wind-resistant branches, forming a pyramidal shape when young but developing a very dense, full, oval to rounded crown with age. Sometimes the top of the crown will flatten with age, and the tree grows horizontally. The dark bluish-green, leathery leaves are two to four inches long and clustered at branch tips mixed with the 0.5 to 1.5-inch-long spines found along the branches.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate , Whorled
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Oblanceolate , Obovate
Leaf Venation: Pinnate
Leaf Margin: Entire
Inflorescence: Spike
Size Notes: 40 to 50 feet tall, 35 to 50 feet wide.
Fruit: Black
Size Class: 36-72 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug


Native Distribution: Claimed to be native to the upper Florida Keys, but that is disputed.

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Drought Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Rich, moist, well-drained soil.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Bucida buceras in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Bucida buceras in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Bucida buceras


Record Modified: 2008-10-22
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