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Botrychium simplex

Botrychium simplex E. Hitchc.

Little Grapefern

Ophioglossaceae (Adder's-Tongue Family)

Synonym(s): Botrychium simplex ssp. simplex, Botrychium simplex ssp. typicum, Botrychium simplex var. compositum, Botrychium simplex var. laxifolium, Botrychium simplex var. tenebrosum, Botrychium tenebrosum


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), GL (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb , Fern
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear , Oblong , Ovate
Leaf Margin: Entire
Size Notes: Up to about 6 inches tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Not Applicable
Bloom Notes: Non-flowering, sporulating plant. Sporulates Jul - Aug. Sporangial clusters with sessile or short-stalked sporangia resembling a bunch of greenish brown grapes borne on long-stalked sporophores.


USA: AK , CA , CO , CT , DE , IA , ID , IL , IN , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MS , MT , NC , ND , NH , NJ , NV , NY , OH , OR , PA , RI , SD , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: NB , NL , NS , ON , PE
Native Habitat: Woodland,Savanna,Forest Edge

Growing Conditions

Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Botrychium simplex in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Botrychium simplex in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Botrychium simplex


Record Modified: 2023-01-05
Research By: TWC Staff

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