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Botrychium multifidum (Leathery grapefern)
Reveal, James L.

Botrychium multifidum

Botrychium multifidum (S.G. Gmel.) Trevis.

Leathery Grapefern

Ophioglossaceae (Adder's-Tongue Family)

Synonym(s): Botrychium californicum, Botrychium coulteri, Botrychium matricariae, Botrychium multifidum ssp. californicum, Botrychium multifidum ssp. coulteri, Botrychium multifidum ssp. silaifolium, Botrychium multifidum var. californicum, Botrychium multifidum var. coulteri, Botrychium multifidum var. intermedium, Botrychium multifidum var. silaifolium, Botrychium silaifolium, Botrychium silaifolium var. coulteri, Sceptridium multifidum, Sceptridium silaifolium


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), GL (N), SPM (N)


From the Image Gallery

14 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb , Fern
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Size Notes: Up to about 18 inches tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Not Applicable
Bloom Notes: Non-flowering, sporulating plant. Sporulates Aug - Sep. Sporangial clusters with sessile or short-stalked sporangia resembling a bunch of greenish brown grapes borne on long-stalked sporophores.


USA: AK , AZ , CA , CO , CT , IA , ID , IL , IN , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MT , NC , ND , NH , NJ , NV , NY , OH , OR , PA , RI , SD , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: NB , NL , NS , ON , PE
Native Habitat: Savanna,Prairie/Meadow/Field

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Botrychium multifidum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Botrychium multifidum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Botrychium multifidum


Record Modified: 2023-01-05
Research By: TWC Staff

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