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Berlandiera subacaulis (Florida greeneyes)
Smith, R.W.

Berlandiera subacaulis

Berlandiera subacaulis (Nutt.) Nutt.

Florida Greeneyes, Common Greeneyes

Asteraceae (Aster Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Common Greeneyes is a member of the aster family (family Asteraceae), which includes herbs, sometimes shrubs or vines, rarely trees, with simple or compound, alternate or opposite leaves. Flowers small, but organized into larger heads resembling a single, radially symmetrical flower cupped by a ring of green bracts. Flower-like heads: tiny, radially symmetrical central flowers form the disc; larger flowers around the edge, the rays, strap-shaped and resembling petals; however, all flowers in one head may be disc flowers or rays.

Named for French-Swiss physician Jean Louis Berlandier (1805-1851) who collected plants in Texas and northern Mexico.


From the Image Gallery

2 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Inflorescence: Head
Size Notes: 18-24"
Fruit: Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Yellow
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec


Native Distribution: Endemic to Florida.

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Drought Tolerance: High


Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Butterflies


Propagation Material: Seeds
Description: Freely self sows.
Seed Collection: Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds.

Research Literature

Reslit 1779 - Berlandin and subacaulin, two new guaianolides from Berlandiera subacaulis (1972) W. Herz, S. V. Bhat and Srinivas.A

This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature

Additional resources

USDA: Find Berlandiera subacaulis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Berlandiera subacaulis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Berlandiera subacaulis


Record Modified: 2019-04-14
Research By: TWC Staff

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