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Plant Database

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Betula papyrifera var. cordifolia

Betula papyrifera Marshall var. cordifolia (Regel) Fernald

Mountain Paper Birch

Betulaceae (Birch Family)

Synonym(s): Betula alba var. cordifolia, Betula cordifolia


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Ovate
Leaf Venation: Pinnate
Leaf Margin: Double-serrate
Leaf Base: Cordate
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Inflorescence: Catkin
Fruit Type: Samara
Size Notes: Up to about 65 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul
Bloom Notes: Flowers are either male (borne on catkins) or female.


USA: CT , IA , MA , ME , MI , MN , NC , ND , NH , NY , PA , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , NL , NS , ON , PE , QC

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Betula papyrifera var. cordifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Betula papyrifera var. cordifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Betula papyrifera var. cordifolia


Record Modified: 2023-03-09
Research By: TWC Staff

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