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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Azolla caroliniana (Carolina mosquitofern)
Romfh, Peggy

Azolla caroliniana

Azolla caroliniana Willd.

Carolina Mosquitofern

Azollaceae (Azolla Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N), PR (N), CAN (I)


From the Image Gallery

12 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Fern
Size Notes: Forms mats to about 2 inches thick.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Not Applicable
Bloom Notes: Not a flowering plant. Reproduces by spores.


USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , MI , MO , MS , NC , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , WI , WV
Canada: ON

Growing Conditions

Aquatic: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Natural Biodiversity - Johnstown, PA

Additional resources

USDA: Find Azolla caroliniana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Azolla caroliniana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Azolla caroliniana


Record Modified: 2016-01-13
Research By: TWC Staff

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